Bull Trout harvest closure in effect on Lake Koocanusa
News from FWP
MONTANA – The harvesting of bull trout on Lake Koocanusa is closed in an effort to improve the diminished population of the threatened species.
The Fish and Wildlife Commission on Jan. 6 approved a request from Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks regional biologists to implement the closure while maintaining catch-and-release fishing on the large lake in Lincoln County.
Prior to the closure, harvest was limited to one bull trout per license year from June 1-Feb. 28 with catch-and-release fishing allowed the rest of the year. Anglers were required to have a Lake Koocanusa Bull Trout Catch Card when fishing for bull trout.
Bull trout are listed as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act.
Through special arrangements with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, limited harvest has been allowed at Lake Koocanusa, Hungry Horse Reservoir, and a catch-and-release fishery is allowed in the South Fork Flathead River.
Due to the threatened status of the native species, FWP prefers to take a very conservative approach to bull trout management while still allowing opportunities for harvest when possible.
Bull trout redd counts in the fall are used as an important metric for measuring fish reproduction and recruitment and are included as part of the requirements for the harvest permit. For the Lake Koocanusa bull trout population, redd counts in
Wigwam River in British Columbia and Grave Creek in Montana are important for determining harvest quotas. Over the past six years, redd counts had been fairly steady in both streams. In fall 2019, spawning redds in both streams declined substantially, prompting concerns that limited angler harvest could have population-scale impacts.
FWP biologists believe it is appropriate to limit harvest until redd counts improve. Bull trout are native to rivers, streams and lakes in the Columbia and Saskatchewan River basins. Declines in bull trout abundance and distribution have been caused by habitat loss and degradation from land and water management practices; population isolation and fragmentation from dams and other barriers; competition, predation and hybridization with introduced non-native fish species; historical overharvest; and poaching.